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About the Authors

Ron and Claire Levitan have been studying and writing about various theories of the soul, in the East and West, for over a decade. Long time students of The Fourth Way, they live in Baltimore, Maryland.

The authors have also explored theories of the soul in the East and the West in a number of articles published in The Gurdjieff Journal:

Ancient Egypt, Presocratic & Milesian Philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus & Pythagoras; Plato & Aristotle, The Gurdjieff Journal #42, Vol. 11, Issue 2

Judaism; The Kabbalah; Christianity; Gnosticism, The Gurdjieff Journal #43, Vol. 11, Issue 3

Manichaeism; St. Augustine; Islam; Sufism; John Scottus Eriugena; St. Thomas Aquinas, The Gurdjieff Journal #44, Vol. 11, Issue 4

Ramon Llull, Isaac Luria, Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, Baruch Spinoza & John Locke, The Gurdjieff Journal #45, Vol. 12, Issue 1

Immanuel Kant, Georg Hegel & William James, The Gurdjieff Journal #46, Vol. 12, Issue 2

Zoroastrianism, The Gurdjieff Journal #47, Vol. 12, Issue 3

Hinduism, The Gurdjieff Journal #48, Vol. 14, Issue 4

Jainism, The Gurdjieff Journal #49, Vol. 13, Issue 1

Buddhism, Part I; The Gurdjieff Journal #51, Vol. 13, Issue 3

Buddhism, Part II; The Gurdjieff Journal #52, Vol. 13, Issue 4

Taoism, The Gurdjieff Journal #53, Vol. 14, Issue 1

Confucianism, The Gurdjieff Journal #54, Vol. 14, Issue 2

Sikkhism, The Gurdjieff Journal #55, Vol. 14, Issue 3

Plotinus, The Gurdjieff Journal #60, Vol. 15, Issue 4

The Question of the Soul, Part I; The Gurdjieff Journal #62, Vol. 15, Issue 2

The Question of the Soul, Part II; The Gurdjieff Journal #63, Vol. 16, Issue 3